Breast Cancer - If detected in early stage, it often allows a woman to keep most of her breast

Breast Cancer - If detected in early stage, it often allows a woman to keep most of her breast says Dr Sandeep Nayak Surgical Oncologist

Breast cancer, one of the most common cancers in India and its cases are increasing on an alarming rate both in term of incidences and mortality. According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the incidence of breast cancer is 25.8 per 100,000 women. It is expected to rise to 35 per 100,000 women in 2026. A lump in the breast in the most common symptom that most women with breast cancer that consults a doctor. So, if you experience a bulge or a bump in the breast that feels different from the breast tissue, it is the time, you see a doctor. A breast lump usually feels hard and has an irregular shape. It might feel as if it is stuck to the skin or deep tissue within the breast. Although it is not imperative, it has been observed in lots of cases the cancerous lump in the breast is most likely to be painless.The medical world is constantly fighting with this deadly disease called Cancer and with evolving therapies and medical advancement, we are well equipped to fight this menace. With the help of advancement in diagnosing and treating breast cancer, the survival rate is improving and has improved the quality of patients’ lives.

Losing the breast- a common fear!

A common horror in a person diagnosed with breast cancer is the fear of undergoing radical mastectomies, which mean the removal of breast, chest muscles and underarm lymph nodes.Women need not fear of losing her breast if diagnosed with cancer as saving the breast is a norm that is practiced everywhere. To ensure that, lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery is widely used. It is a surgery to eliminate cancer while leaving normal breast as much as possible.Usually, the size and location of the tumour are the crucial factors that shape how much of the breast will be removed. Although if detected in early stage, it often allows a woman to keep most of her breast.
For e.g., if there is a big tumour in a small breast, it can result in losing the breast or there is a possibility of breast deformity. If diagnosed in initial stage, it often allows a woman to keep most of her breast.

Breast Reconstruction- an option to retrieve the feminity

A woman’s breast is one of the most significant parts of her sexuality, and losing it can cause an impact on the self-confidence of the patient. But, in today’s age, there are plenty of options possible for your breast reconstruction surgery take your time and choose the best one for yourself.
• Breast implants by using silicone or saline breast insert.
• Tissue flap procedures by using your own body tissues.
Robotic Breast Reconstruction
Robotic breast reconstruction can reduce the number of scars and pain and allows the patient a quicker recovery. It is minimally invasive surgery and usually used in flap procedures a procedure in which tissues are taken from the lower abdomen and used to rebuild the breast.The robots allow surgeons to make a much smaller incision into the abdominal wall muscles. It allows the patients to recover more quickly without much intake of painkillers. This minimally
invasive technique reduces the pain and gives a quicker recovery in addition to the surgical robots that provide greater precision. This minimally invasive flap procedure helps surgeons to avoid the need to cut into a patient abdominal muscles to remove the fat and alsopotential complications.

Sentinel lymph node biopsy- reduces side effects

It has been observed that breast cancer or any other cancer, it has a tendency to spread to the other parts of the body. In the case of breast cancer, it mostly goes to the first nearby lymph
The best way to treat cancer, it is very essential for your medical practitioner to find out whether cancer has spread to your lymph nodes or not. One of the most common and widely used methods by surgeons is a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). In this method, the medical provider finds and removes the first lymph node(s) to which a tumour is likely to spread. This method of lymph node surgery has fewer side effects than an auxiliary lymph node dissection (ALND), which normally results in swelling in the arm or chest.

Chemo-Port facilitate the treatment

Cancer treatment might be a painful experience, as your health care team often needs to inject treatments into your veins. A cancer patient underwent chemotherapy, blood transfusion, IV and
antibiotics this way. A patient undergoing chemotherapy can feel a few changes in his or her body. One of the most important effects is in the veins as it becomes difficult to puncture. A chemo port or catheter is attached in the upper arm or neck facilitating the intake of treatment. It reduces the hassles of finding a vein every time to inject medicines.When an IV is used, medications are more likely to leak into the tissues surrounding your hand or arm. Since many chemotherapy medications are caustic to tissue, a port can reduce the risk of inflammation-related to leakage of these medication 

Dr Sandeep Nayak Surgical Oncologist,
Robotic & Laparoscopic Onco surgeon
MACS clinic, Bengaluru



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